Board of Directors

Professor Tony Paolini
ISN Psychology President, CEO & Director


1987-1989 BSc The University of Melbourne Major in Physiology and Psychology
1990 BSc (Hons – Physiol) The University of Melbourne Department of Physiology
1992-1993 BSc (Hons – Psych) The University of Melbourne Department of Psychology
1991-1994 PhD The University of Melbourne Department of Physiology
2001-2005 M.Psych (Clin. Near) The University of Melbourne Department of Psychology

Professional Membership

APS Australian Psychological Society, Registration as Psychologist with AHPRA, Psychology Board of Australia

Teaching and University Full Time Experience Last 5 Years

2007-2012 Reader and Associate Professor, School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University
Subjects taught include: Behavioural Neuroscience 1 and 2, Applied Neuroscience, Third Year Project supervision. Honours, Masters and PhD supervision.

2012-present Adjunct Professor, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University

2012-present Professor in Psychology, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University
Subjects taught: Science of Human Nature, Psychopathology, Advanced Topics in Psychology, Biological Basis of Behaviour, Brain and Behaviour.

2013-2015 Head of Psychology, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University ​


Publications for the past five years:

  1. Barutchu A., Crewther SG, Fifer J.M., Shivdasani M.N., Innes-Brown H., Toohey S, Danaher J. and Paolini A.G. (2011) The Relationship between Multisensory Integration and IQ in Children. Develop. Psychol. 47(3): 877-85

  2. Innes-Brown H. Barutchu A., Shivdasani M.N., Crewther D.B., Paolini A.G. (2011) Susceptibility to the flash-beep illusion is increased in children compared to adults. Develop. Sci. 14, 1089-99.

  3. MacDonald L., Radler M., Paolini A.G.  and  Kent S. (2011) Calorie restriction attenuates LPS-induced sickness behaviour and shifts hypothalamic signalling pathways to an anti-inflammatory bias. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 301, R172-84. IF 3.28

  4. Guccione L., Paolini A.G., Penman J. and Djourma E. (2012) The effects of calorie restriction on operant responding for alcohol. Behav. Brain Res. 230, 281-7. IF 3.391

  5. Morgan S and Paolini A.G. (2012) Behavioural determination of stimulus pair discrimination of auditory acoustic and electrical stimuli using a classical conditioning and heart-rate approach.  J. Vis. Exp. (64), e3598, DOI: 10.3791/3598

  6. Allitt B.J., Morgan S. Bell S., Nayagam D., Arhatari, B., Clark G.M. and Paolini A.G. (2012)  Midbrain responses to micro-stimulation of the cochlea using high density thin-film arrays. Hearing Research 287(1-2):30-42. IF 2.848

  7. Arhatari B.D., Harris A.R., Paolini A.G., Peele A.G. (2012) Enhanced imaging for a thin film cochlear implant with metal artifacts using phase retrieval tomography. J. Appl. Phys. 111, 114904 IF 2.185

  8. Mauger S.J., Shivdasani M.N., Rathbone G.D., Paolini A.G. (2012) An invivo investigation of inferior colliculus single neuron responses to cochlear nucleus pulse train stimulation. J. Neurophysiol. 108, 2999-3008 IF 3.30

  9. Harris A.R., Morgan S.J., Chen J., Kapsa R.M.I., Wallace G.G. and Paolini  A.G. (2013) Conducting polymer coated neural recording electrodes. J. Neural. Eng. 10(1):016004 IF 3.415

  10. Guccione L., Djourma E., Penman J. and Paolini A.G. (2013) Calorie restriction inhibits relapse behavior and preference for alcohol within a two bottle free choice paradigm in the alcohol preferring (iP) rat. Physiology and  Behaviour, 110-111, 34-41   IF 3.033

  11. Allitt B.J., Benjaminsen C, Morgan S. and Paolini A.G. (2013) Intralaminar neural activation of the inferior colliculus facilitates frequency-specific activation in the auditory cortex. J. Neural. Eng. 10(4):046008. IF 3.415

  12. Harris A.R., Morgan S.J., Wallace G.G and Paolini A.G. (2014) A Method for Systematic Electrochemical and Electrophysiological Evaluation of Neural Recording Electrodes. J Vis Exp. 85: doi: 10.3791/51084.

  13. MacDonald L., Hazi A., Paolini A.G. and  Kent S. (2014) Calorie restriction dose-dependently abates lipopolysaccharide-induced fever, sickness behavior, and circulating interleukin-6 while increasing corticosterone. Brain Behav Immun 40:18-26 IF 6.128

  14. Govic A., Bell V., Samuel A., Penman J., Paolini AG (2014) Calorie restriction and corticosterone elevation during lactation can each modulate adult male fear and anxiety-like behaviour.  Hormones and Behavior 66(4):591-601 IF 4.511

  15. Govic A. and Paolini A.G. (2015) In vivo electrophysiological recordings in amygdala subnuclei reveal selective and distinct responses to a behaviorally identified predator odor. J. Neurophysiology, in press IF 3.30

  16. Harris, A., Molino, P., Kapsa, R., Clark, GM.,  Paolini, AG. and Wallace, G. (2015) Correlation of Impedance and Effective Electrode Area of Doped PEDOT Modified Electrodes for Brain-Machine Interfaces. Analyst, 7;140(9): 3164-74  IF 3.906

  17. Spencer MJ, Nayagam DA, Clarey JC, Paolini AG, Meffin H, Burkitt AN, Grayden DB. (2015) Broadband onset inhibition can suppress spectral splatter in the auditory brainstem.  PLoS One. 15;10(5):e0126500. IF 3.534

  18. Barry KM., Paolini AG., Robertson D and Mulders WHAM (2015) Modulation of medial geniculate nucleus neuronal activity by electrical stimulation of the nucleus accembens. Neuroscience 12;308:1-10

  19. Harris, A., Molino, P., Kapsa, R., Clark, GM., Paolini, AG. and Wallace, G. (2015) Correction to Optical and Electrochemical Methods for Determining the Effective Area and Charge Density of Conducting Polymer Modified Electrodes for Neural Stimulation. Analytical Chemistry 87(22):11600 IF 5.825

  20. Govic A., Penman J, Tammer AH and Paolini AG (2016) Paternal calorie restriction prior to conception alters anxiety-like behavior of the adult rat progeny. Psychoneuroendochonology 64: 1-11.

  21. Allitt B. J. Harris, A.R., Morgan S.J., Clark, G. M. and Paolini, A.G. (2016) Neurophysiological responses to micro-electrode stimulation in the cochlea of deafened rats. Hearing Research 331:13-26 IF 2.8

  22. Lee G., Zambetta F, Xiaodong L and Paolini AG (2016) Utilising Reinforcement Learning to Develop Strategies for Driving Auditory Neural Implants.  J. Neural Engineering 19; 13(4): 046027

  23. Harris, A. R., Molino, P. J., Paolini, A. G. & Wallace, G. G. (2016). Effective area and charge density of chondroitin sulphate doped PEDOT modified electrodes. Electrochimica Acta, 197 99-106.

  24. Harris, A. R., Hutchinson, R., Molino, P. J., Kapsa, R. M. I., Clark, G. M., Paolini, A. G. & Wallace, G. G. (2016). Correlation of impedance and effective electrode area of dextran sulfate doped PEDOT modified electrodes. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163 (7), H534-H540.

Grants last past five years:

ARC- Centre of Excellence in Electromaterial Sciences: Wallace GG, Officer DL, MacFarlane DR, Clark, GM, Forsyth M, Kane-Maguire LA, Innis PC, Spinks GM, Brown HR, Too, CO,Price WE,Liu, HK, Spiccia L,Dodds SM, Keller PA, Minett AI, Cheng Y, Alici G, Kapsa RM.,Paolini AG, $19,472,324

ARC Discovery Grant  2015-2017 DP150102496 Neural network underlying memory erasure. Jee Hyun Kim and Antonio Paolini, $355,000

Research supervision past five years:

20 Honours Students in Psychology
2 Masters of Psychology (Clinical)
4 PhD Students

Professor Tony Paolini MPsych (Clin Neuro) PhD MAPS is President and CEO of ISN Psychology and on the Board of Directors.  A founding Director of the Institute for Social Neuroscience, Professor Paolini is a psychologist and internationally recognised neuroscientist. He has qualifications in psychology (MPsych – Clin Neuro) and in Neuroscience (PhD). Under the mentorship of Professor Graeme Clark, he lead the Auditory Clinical Neuroscience Unit at the Bionic Ear Institute.   He worked on the continued development of the cochlear implant and examined the relationship between the brain’s ability to hear sounds in noise and its relationship to intelligence and higher-level cognitive functioning.  Professor Paolini has published numerous peer reviewed publications, lead large research teams and has received significant research funding including from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC) and the Australian Research Council (ARC).  He has published significant internationally peer-reviewed papers in many fields of neuroscience and psychology including medical bionics, sensory and cognitive neuroscience, and behavioural and social neuroscience.  At ISN he applies his knowledge of neuroscience and psychology to provide a further understanding of how the environment we live in helps shape our behaviour and mental health.  With a research and clinical interest in the role anxiety plays in sensory perception, Professor Paolini is utilising his knowledge to help treat clients who have a heightened sensitivity to sounds and tinnitus distress.   He was Professor and Head of Psychology at RMIT University, Senior Principal Research Fellow at the Florey Institute for Neuroscience and Mental Health, and holds adjunct positions at La Trobe University and The University of Melbourne.

Trevayne Fernandez – General Manager & Director

Trevayne brings considerable experience having spent more than 17 years working in the education sector both in Australia and internationally.  He has held a range of leadership positions inclusive of senior management roles. This has encompassed duties in; Higher Education Regulation (TEQSA), 3rd Party Higher Education Provision, and Vocational Education and Training (VET). These engagements have been predominantly in Melbourne, Australia as well as overseas in Japan and the United Arab Emirates.  He has experience within specific areas of Compliance, Facilities Management, Operational and Business Development.  He is also Victorian State Representative for the Independent Tertiary Education Council of Australia (ITECA) for 2020.

As General Manager, Trevayne oversees all operational aspects of ISN’s Ivanhoe Campus and internal ISN Student Telehealth Clinic. His aim is to provide an interactive, engaging student journey which is supported by an impeccable standard of education delivery and facilitated through the provision of safe, comfortable and modern institution facilities and information technology systems.

Trevayne also oversees the Office of the Registrar, maintaining responsibility for a range of key administrative functions that relate to management of the student life-cycle at ISN Psychology including responsibility for student administration, enrolment, student records, student conduct (general misconduct), student services and compliance. The student complaints and grievances process also falls within the College Registrar’s portfolio.

Trevayne is excited about the growth potential of ISN Psychology and aims to drive further innovation, so that the institute continues to lead for generations to come, as well as diversify its revenue and attract high-achieving students and industry leaders.

Daniel Paolini – Director

Daniel is an Associate Director at Greenwoods & Herbert Smith Freehills in Melbourne. Prior to joining that firm in October 2018, Daniel spent over 16 years practicing as a taxation/legal advisor in Australia, the United Kingdom and Switzerland. He has previously worked in two Big 4 accounting firms, a top tier law firm and a number of investment firms. Daniel holds a Bachelor of Science (Major in Psychology) and Master of Laws from the University of Melbourne, and a Bachelor of Laws from Monash University. He is a fellow of The Tax Institute and admitted as a barrister and solicitor in Victoria.

Academic Staff

Professor Sabine Hammond – Director of Clinical Program & Clinic Director

Professor Sabine Hammond has extensive experience as a researcher, educator and practitioner in Australia, Europe and the United States, and has held leadership roles in both academic and professional settings. She is an Honorary Professor of Australian Catholic University (ACU) and a former Head of the ACU National School of Psychology. As Executive Manager for Science, Education and Membership at the Australian Psychological Society she was responsible for a wide-ranging portfolio with strategic focus on supporting the discipline of psychology. Professor Hammond’s expertise includes governance, ethics, professional practice and regulation. Professor Hammond has been actively involved in initiatives aimed at reconciliation with Australia’s First Peoples, especially in the areas of cultural safety, suicide prevention, and training a culturally responsive workforce.

Professor Nikolaos Kazantzis – Professor of Clinical Psychology

Principal Researcher & Research Director – Clinical Psychology Division, ISN Innovations

Professor Nikolaos Kazantzis BA(Hons), MA (Clin Psych), PGDipClinPsych, PhD, FAPS is Research Director for Translational Clinical Psychology at ISN Innovations. Professor Kazantzis has worked in clinical, training, and research settings for over two decades. He is founder and director of the Cognitive Behavior Therapy Research Unit that has a lab at ISN Psychology. His research focuses on processes within the therapeutic relationship, how they directly support treatment changes and client engagement, and how they can be reliably assessed by trained observers and supervisors. He is a Beck Scholar, Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society, and is the International Association for Cognitive Therapy’s Delegate for Australia. In 2020, he is serving as Guest Editor for the scholarly journals: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, Frontiers in Psychiatry, Frontiers in Psychology, and Psychotherapy Research. He is also continuing his term as Associate Editor for Cognitive Therapy and Research, is incoming Editor for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, and is Editor for Springer Nature’s “CBT: Science into Practice” book series.

Professor Mark Andersen – Professor of Clinical and Sports Psychology

Professor Mark B. Andersen, PhD received his bachelor degree in psychology from the University of California at Davis and went on to complete a master of science in psychology at San Diego State University and completed his doctorate from the University of Arizona in 1988. He is currently an adjunct professor at Halmstad University in Sweden.  Professor Andersen’s interests include: the psychology of injury and rehabilitation; the role of exercise in mental health, well-being, and quality of life for those with chronic disorders; the training and supervision of applied psychology graduate students; and the professional practice of sport psychology service delivery.  Professor Andersen works from a variety of therapeutic models including: CBT, mindfulness-based treatments, psychodynamic psychotherapy, and neuro-psychotherapy.

Dr Melissa Weinberg – Director of Academic Studies

As Director of Academic Studies, Dr Weinberg oversees the general running of courses, student standards, academic compliance and quality of delivery.

Dr Weinberg is an accomplished lecturer, researcher, and public speaker with a wealth of experience in both the research and practical aspects of psychology.

She completed her PhD at Deakin University and also holds a Masters in Applied (Sport & Exercise) Psychology. Melissa led the research component of the Australian Unity Wellbeing Index producing reports on the wellbeing of Australians, and was Senior Research Fellow at the Young and Well CRC. She is a registered psychologist specialising in athlete wellbeing and peak performance.

Melissa is a TEDx speaker and has appeared on various TV and radio programs where she discusses the science of happiness and what makes Australians happy. She has authored scientific articles and book chapters on the topic, and has presented at numerous academic and corporate conferences in Australia and internationally.

Associate Professor Pascal Molenberghs – Director of Scholarly Research

Associate Professor Pascal Molenberghs completed his Master in Psychology and PhD in Medical Sciences at the University of Leuven, Belgium. He has since worked at the University of Queensland, Monash University and the University of Melbourne and thus brings a wealth of knowledge to the Institute for Social Neuroscience.

His research focus is Social Neuroscience, aiming to understand our social brain and how it breaks down in neurological patients. Interests include empathy, morality, intergroup relations and leadership. His research has already attracted more than $3 million in grant funding and has been published in the leading neuroscience journals. His work has also featured widely in the media, including stories in Time Magazine, The Age and New Scientist.

Dr Alex Bahar-Fuchs – Senior Lecturer

Senior Researcher & Head – Neuropsychology Division, ISN Innovations

Dr Alex Bahar-Fuchs, PhD, CF. Dr Bahar-Fuchs is a researcher and clinical neuropsychologist specialising in the field of cognitive ageing. His career to date included contributions in the areas of early detection of cognitive decline and dementia.  Dr Bahar-Fuchs obtained his BA in Psychology from Ben-Gurion University in Israel, and a Psychology Honours from the University of Melbourne. He completed a PhD in clinical neuropsychology at Monash University, and postdoctoral training at the Centre for Research on Ageing, Health, and Wellbeing at the Australian National University, and at the Joseph Sagol Neuroscience Centre at Sheba Medical Centre, Israel.

Dr Bahar-Fuchs’ research contributions have been recognised in the form of several awards, including a Churchill Fellowship, Alzheimer’s Australia Fellowship, as well as Early Career and Dementia Leadership Fellowships from the National Health and Medical Research Council. Between 2016 and 2019, he served as Chair of the Non-Pharmacological Interventions Professional Interest Area of ISTAART – the International Society for the Alzheimer’s Research and Treatment. In 2019-2020, he was the National Coordinator of Special Interests Groups of the NHMRC National Institute of Dementia Research.

Dr Bahar-Fuchs is also a Senior Research Fellow at the Academic Unit for Psychiatry of Old Age at the University of Melbourne, where he is the co-leader of the CITE research group, as well as working as a neuropsychologist in private practice.

Dr Karen Hendricks – Placement Co-ordinator

DPsych (Clinical), BA (Hons)

Dr Karen Hendricks is a clinical psychologist who works in private practice and is a Placement Coordinator at ISN. She has previously worked across a variety of public mental health settings and held a clinical-research role in the field of psycho-oncology at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. Karen has an interest in personality functioning and completed her doctoral thesis at The University of Melbourne before working in mental health at the Alfred Hospital. Here, Karen worked in both adult inpatient and outpatient settings as well as coordinating the Dialectical Behaviour Therapy program. Karen has a keen interest in the training of psychologists, having supervised postgraduate students and worked for the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency.

Dr Olga Szymanska – Placement Co-ordinator (CEM)

Olga is a senior lecturer, clinical supervisor & coordinates ISN Psychology’s Catholic Education Melbourne (CEM) placements. She completed her Bachelor Arts/Bachelor Science (Honours), followed by a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology (Child specialisation) from the University of Melbourne.

Olga has worked in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS), which specialises in working therapeutically with children and adolescents with psychiatric conditions. Her role there included working in the family therapy team, helping run mother-baby programmes, and supervising doctoral students. She also has worked in schools, Victoria University, and currently, she also works in private practice.

Olga enjoys teaching developmental psychopathology at ISN Psychology, and supervising and coordinating the CEM placements, ensuring that masters students have a variety of individual & group therapy experiences with primary school aged children & their families, cognitive assessments, and opportunities to write Professional Development for parents and teaching staff at schools.

Dr David Bakker – Lecturer in Clinical Psychology

Dr David Bakker is a Clinical Psychologist working in Hobart, Tasmania. He currently spends most of his time in private practice, guiding clients through evidence-based therapies towards better mental health and wellbeing. He has also worked clinically in mental health outreach, youth health, and hospital settings, and has served as a consultant on various mental health technology projects and contributed writings to VCE textbooks.

David completed a Doctor of Clinical Psychology at Monash University in 2018. His research involves the use of mental health apps, and he has been involved in the development of two apps, MoodPrism and MoodMission. He is passionate about making evidence-based psychological techniques and mental health education more accessible to the public.

Dr Rebecca Grattan – Lecturer in Clinical Psychology
Researcher, Childhood Mental Health Research Unit, Clinical Psychology Division, ISN Innovations

Dr Rebecca Grattan, PhD, PGDipClinPsych is a clinical psychologist and lecturer. She has specialist experience working with children and families in general mental health settings, and young people experiencing early psychosis. Her research uses longitudinal methods to understand how transdiagnostic risk factors (such as stress reactivity, family dynamics, emotion dysregulation) contribute to mental health difficulties in young people (such as suicide, anxiety, depression and psychosis). Her aim is to use this understanding to develop and improve psychological interventions for middle childhood to early adolescence.

Associate Professor Matt McGregor

Matt is an experienced Psychologist with a 20 year history of working in the sports industry with individuals, teams and organisations, in both elite and sub elite domains and across a variety of sports including AFL, cricket, kayaking, rowing, swimming, hockey, tennis and equestrian. Endorsed in Sport and Exercise Psychology, and trained in Mental Health and Wellbeing, as well as Career Counselling, Matt has a broad clientele. With a PhD, Masters degree in Applied Psychology, and Certificate of Practice in Clinical Neuropsychotherapy, Matt has also lectured at undergraduate and post graduate level at UniSA, Deakin and Victoria Universities, and supervised students across field placements.

Associate Professor Neil McLachlan

Associate Professor Neil McLachlan will supervise Honours and Masters research projects at ISN Psychology.

He supervised graduate student research in the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences at The University of Melbourne for two decades. Over this time he have developed a revolutionary neurobiological model of the auditory system, which was published in the leading psychological journals, and applied this model to music cognition, artificial intelligence and social psychology.

He is pivotal in developing a vibrant research network between ISN Psychology and leading research institutes and his existing academic collaborators.

Melissa Mulraney – Lecturer

Researcher, Childhood Mental Health Research Unit, Clinical Psychology Division, ISN Innovations

Melissa completed her PhD in psychology at Monash University. Melissa is an Honorary Research fellow in the Department of Paediatrics at the University of Melbourne and for the last 7 years has worked at the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute across several clinical trials of behavioural interventions for child mental health problems. She is passionate about all aspects of child mental health, in addition to clinical trials her research interests include the epidemiology of child mental health problems. Melissa’s primary areas of research in child mental health include mood dysregulation, ADHD, and sleep.

Dr Guy Prochilo – Associate Lecturer

Guy A. Prochilo is an Associate Lecturer in research methods and supervises honours students at ISN. He holds a dual Bachelor of Science (Hons. Psychology) and Business Management (Economics) from the University of Queensland, and completed his PhD at the University of Melbourne in the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences. In his doctoral thesis he developed an organizational neuroscience model of occupational stress that integrated the job-demands resources model with the allostatic load model of stress, and tested propositions of this model in a pilot and feasibility clinical trial. He has a keen interest in quantitative research methods and trial methodology, is proficient in R statistical software, and is an advocate for open science practices and research reproducibility. In this capacity, he is also the Australian and New Zealand Open Research Network (ANZORN) representative at ISN Psychology. He has additionally published work evaluating the use (and misuse) of statistics in organizational neuroscience.

David Williams – Principal Psychologist (Sport & Exercise)

David is a qualified and registered psychologist based in Melbourne, Australia. David specializes in sport and exercise psychology. David’s experiences in the field have consisted of working both locally and internationally with a range of different sports and athletes. At present David is the lead Psychologist for the Geelong Football Club and AFL Players Association, he has also consulted for the Malaysian Olympic cycling program, and as a result of having worked internationally been fortunate enough to build relationships with Football powerhouse FC Barcelona and the Manchester City group via consulting for Melbourne city FC.  Being influenced heavily by the latest neuroscience information David’s experiences include; assisting organisations to create enriched high performance environments; training athletes in all areas of high performance including, resilience, skill acquisition, attentional control, mindfulness, cognitive and behavioural change, performance under pressure, leadership, and high performance self-management.

Dr. David Butler

BA (Ancient History, Anthropology/Archaeology); BA (Studies in Religion; Hons Psychology); PhD (Cognitive Neuroscience)


1996-1998       Bachelor of Arts (Ancient History and Anthropology/Archaeology).

University of New England, Armidale, Australia.

2000-2005       Bachelor of Arts (Double Major: Studies in Religion and Psychology).

University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia.

2006                Honors in Psychology.

University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia

2013                PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience.

University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia

Teaching and Universities:


2014               Group Stream Psychology Honors Thesis Supervisor (11 students).

2013                Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives in Psychology (Guest Lecturer  on Psychological Evolution: The Basics). University of                              Queensland.

2007-2014       Introduction to Psychology: Developmental, Social, and Clinical Psychology

(2008-2010 Lead Tutor). University of Queensland.

2008-2014       Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology. University of Queensland.

2012-2013       Human Development and Social Work (2013 Joint Administrator; 2014 guest lecturer). University of Queensland.



2017                   Assistant Professor. Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University

2015-2017        Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Foreign Research Fellow. ‘Investigating the Development and Evolution of Prejudice                                  Using Children  and Primates.’

2008-2014       Member of University of Queensland Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology Group (see the following webpage        

2008-2014       Member of University of Queensland Developmental Psychology Group.

2013-2014       Examiner of Pass Stream Honors Theses (University of Queensland’s School of Psychology).

2010-2013       Chair of University of Queensland Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology Group.



Refereed Journal Articles

Kanakogi, Y., Inoue, Y., Matsuda, G., Butler, D., Hiraki, K., & Myowa-Yamakoshi. M.

(2017). Preverbal infants affirm third party interventions aiding victims from aggressors, Nature Human Behaviour, 1 doi:10.1038/s41562-016-0037

Butler, D., & Suddendorf, T. (2014). Reducing the neural search space for hominid cognition:

What distinguishes human and great ape brains from those of lesser apes? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. doi 10.3758/s13423-013-0559-0

Suddendorf, T., & Butler, D. (2014). Are rich interpretations of visual self-recognition a bit too rich? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 58-59.

Suddendorf, T. & Butler, D. (2013). The nature of visual self-recognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 17, 121-127.

Butler, D., Mattingley, J., Cunnington, R., & Suddendorf, T. (2013). Different neural processes accompany self-recognition in photographs across the lifespan: An ERP study using dizygotic twins, PLoS One, 8(9): e72586. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072586

Butler, D., Mattingley, J., Cunnington, R., & Suddendorf, T. (2012). “Mirror, mirror on the wall, how does my brain recognize me at all?” PLoS One, 7(2): e31452. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone. 0031452

Manuscripts in Preparation

Butler, D., Myowa-Yamakoshi, M., & Anderson, J. (review and resubmit). Mirror, mirror on the wall: Does self-recognition have any adaptive value at all? A Tinbergian approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Butler, D., Kanakogi, Y., Imafuku, I., Cowan, D., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. (submitted). Prepared for prejudice? 6-month-old infants selectively associate ethnic out-group faces with fearful vocalizations. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Butler, D. (In preparation). The natural history of prejudice: A review of human and non-human capacities for group based evaluations of ‘others’. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Butler, D. (In preparation). The cognitive neuroscience of prejudice: A prospective developmental perspective. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Butler, D., Kumaki, Y., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. (In preparation). Mirroring ethnic others across the lifespan: Developmental differences involving EEG mu suppression and prejudice. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Butler, D., Kumaki, Y., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. (In preparation). Sharing affective states for ethnic others across the lifespan: Developmental differences involving EEG prefrontal asymmetries and prejudice. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Imafuku, M., Butler, D., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. (In preparation). Infant’s vocal imitation is facilitated by direct eye contact. Unpublished manuscript, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.



Butler, D. (2015). Four Questions on Visual Self-recognition: Development, Evolution, Function, and Mechanisms. Cambridge Scholars Press: Newcastle upon Tyne.

Butler, D. (2014). Instructor Resource Manual for ‘(Santrock, J.W). Life Span Development.’ Sydney, Australia: McGraw-Hill Education. (Please note I also assisted in editing and providing ‘Learn Smart’ features in an electronic version of the Australian edition of Santrock’s ‘Life Span Development’).

Book Chapters

 Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. & Butler, D. (In press, 2017). The evolution of primate attachment: Beyond Bowlby’s rhesus macaques. In: Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment., ed. H. Keller and K. A. Bard. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

 Conference Presentations, Seminars, and Invited Talks

  1. (February). Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Science Dialogue Program (Nara, Japan). Presentation (II). ‘Butler, D.: The Development of Prejudice.’

(March). 6th Annual International Conference on Cognitive and Behavioural Psychology (Singapore) Presentation. Butler, D. ‘The Cognitive Neuroscience of Prejudice: A Prospective Developmental Perspective.’

(March). International Conference on Humanities, Social Sciences and Education (London, UK)Poster. Butler, D., Yamamoto, S., Hirata, S., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. ‘The Evolution of Prejudice.’

2016 (July). 31st International Congress of Psychology (Yokohama, Japan). Symposium Organizer ‘Four Questions on Visual Self-recognition: A Tinbergenian Perspective.’

Presentation. ‘Butler, D.: A Functional Perspective on Visual Self-recognition.’

Presentation. ‘Suddendorf, T. & Butler, D.: Evolutionary and developmental perspectives on visual self-recognition.’

Symposium Organizer (along with Prof. Yarrow Dunham) ‘A Tinbergenian Perspective on Prejudice: Development, Mechanisms, Evolution, and Function.’

(September). Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Science Dialogue Program (Nara, Japan).Presentation (I). ‘Butler, D.: The Development of Prejudice.’

(October). Myowa-Yamakoshi’s Infant-Baby Lab (Kyoto, Japan). Presentation. ‘Butler, D.: Exploring Neural Features Associated with the Development of Prejudice.’

(November). International Society for Developmental Psychobiology (San Diego,USA). Presentation. ‘Butler, D., Kanakogi, Y., Imafuku, M., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. Prepared for Prejudice: 6-month old Infants Selectively Associate Ethnic Out-group Faces with Fearful Vocalizations.

(December). Van Bavel Social Neuroscience Lab (New York, USA). Presentation. Butler, D. Tinbergian Investigations into Self-recognition and Prejudice: The Story So Far

(December). LoBue Developmental Lab (New Jersey, USA). Presentation. Butler, D. ‘Prepared for Prejudice?’

  1. Congress of the Japanese Primatological Society (Kyoto, Japan). Poster. ‘Butler, D., Tanaka, M., Anderson. J., & Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. The Natural History of Prejudice.’
  2. Australasian Human Development Association Conference (Gold Coast, Australia).

Presentation. ‘Butler, D., & Suddendorf, T. Visual Self-recognition Across the Lifespan.’

Presentation. ‘Suddendorf, T., & Butler, D. The Nature of Visual Self-recognition.’

  1. Australian Twin Registry International Twin Conference (Melbourne, Australia). Presentation. ‘Butler, D., Mattingly, J., Cunnington, R., & Suddendorf, T. Visual Self-recognition Across the Lifespan: An Investigation Using Dizygotic Twins.’

Primate Research Institute (Inuyama, Japan).

Presentation. ‘Butler, D. Visual Self-recognition.’

Society for Neuroscience 2011 (Washington, D.C).

Presentation. ‘Butler, D., Mattingly, J., Cunnington, R., & Suddendorf, T. Mirror Mirror On the Wall, How Does My Brain Recognize My Image at All?’

  1. Australian Cognitive Neuroscientist Society (Melbourne, Australia).

Presentation. ‘Butler, D., Mattingley, J., Cunnington, R., & Suddendorf, T. Comparing Visual Self-recognition in Mirrors and Photos Using ERPs.’

  1. UQ Evolution and Comparative Psychology Group (Brisbane, Australia)

Presentation. ‘Butler, D., & Suddendorf, T. Comparative Hominoid Neuroanatomy.’

  1. Australian Experimental Psychology Conference (Canberra, Australia).

Poster. ‘Butler, D., & Broerse, J. The Myth of Narcissus Revisited: Comparing the Left and Right Cerebral Hemispheres for Visual Self-recognition.’

Media Content

  1. Meet our authors: David Butler. Cambridge Scholars Publishers.
  2. ‘A scientific adventure of an Australian fellow in Japan’. Japan Society for the

Promotion of Science Quarterly. Issue: No. 58 2016 Winter (Date of Issue: December 22, 2016).



Funding and Awards

2015-2016 and 2016-2017. Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grant in Aid (¥2,300,000) ‘Investigating the Development and Evolution of Prejudice Using Children and Primates’ (with Prof. Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi).

2015-2017        Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Foreign Research Fellow. ‘Investigating the Development and Evolution of Prejudice Using Children  and Primates.’

2011                Australian Cognitive Neuroscience Society Conference: Best abstract.

2008-2011       University of Queensland Australian Postgraduate Award Scholarship.

2011                Shortlisted for Queensland’s State Government ‘Queensland-Smithsonian Fellowship Program.’

2008                University of Queensland’s School of Psychology Tutor Award.

2000-2005       University of Queensland’s Faculty of Arts Dean’s Commendation List for Academic Performance.


Dr David Butler (PhD Cognitive Neuroscience) is a cognitive, developmental and comparative psychologist with several years of experience in teaching and research accrued at the University of Queensland (Australia) and Kyoto University (Japan).  David is interested in many big questions about our ‘minds’ which he investigates by combining developmental, neuroscientific, and cross-species perspectives. In particular, he continues to explore the developmental and evolutionary origins of self-awareness and prejudice. Testing children and other animals (i.e., chimpanzees) allows for an increased understanding of how and why these abilities have developed and evolved. For example, if self-awareness and prejudice are shared by humans and some other primates (but not others), we can begin to (i) consider what psychological and/or selection mechanisms are uniquely shared amongst these species which allow these abilities to arise, and (ii) how (if at all) these abilities contribute to our capacity to survive and reproduce. Ultimately, David wants to use this information to reduce the negative impact of prejudice and conditions in which abilities related to self-awareness may be impaired (e.g., people with disorders involving self-perception, such as Anorexia, who typically believe they are much larger than they actually are).


Dr Amanda Paolini (Tammer) – Learning and Teaching Manager

Dr. Amanda Paolini (Behavioural Epigenetics) is studying the epigenetic and genetic mechanisms that relate to stress and anxiety pathways.  Using molecular biological techniques she addresses questions on how the environment influences our genomehow this translates to physiological and behavioural changes and  what role such changes play in stress and anxiety pathways. Dr Amanda Paolini is the learning and teaching manager at ISN, with her research based at the Florey Institute of Mental Health in conjunction with ISN.

Ms June Donald
BA, DipEd, GradDipLib
ISN Head Librarian/ Support Services


  • Bachelor of Arts (La Trobe University)
  • Diploma of Education (La Trobe University)
  • Graduate Diploma in Librarianship (University of Melbourne, Institute of Education)

Professional memberships

  • Member of the Australian Library & Information Association

Work History :

  • June 2016 – Present Part -Time Volunteer, Tandem Carers (Peak body for mental health care), VIC
  • June 2013-December2014 Part-Time Volunteer Librarian, Aspergers Victoria, VIC
  • June2012-December2015 Part-Time Small Business Assistant, East India Company, VIC
  • April2010-June2012 Library Services Leader, Victorian Government Library Service, Department of Treasury and Finance, VIC
  • October2003-April2010 Library Manager, Research & Learning Hub (R&LH), Department of Planning and Community Development.

June Donald BA Dip Ed Grad Dip Lib (ALIA)

Ms June Donald has over 20 years experience managing research and special libraries, including health science libraries. Her library client base has included health clinicians, research staff, policy and legal officers and students, both under-graduate and post-graduate. She has extensive experience managing library resources and reference services to enable users quick and seamless access to accurate and relevant information, both print and digital. Her key interests include providing research assistance through literature searches and the development and delivery of library information literacy.

Samantha Dale, Executive Officer

As Executive Officer to CEO, Prof Tony Paolini, Samantha is responsible for diary management, incoming & outgoing communication, office operations plus the preparation for College Council & Academic Board meetings.

During her 25 years of experience as an executive assistant, Samantha has worked in higher education, private secondary, and the automotive industry. In addition Samantha was part-owner of a retail food business. Samantha adds value to the ISN Psychology team with her intuition and ability to work to solutions and create cohesiveness.

Erandee Abeyakoon – Assistant Registrar

Erandee is the College Administration Officer at ISN Psychology, working alongside the Registrar in conducting student support services, admissions, compliance and administrative processes. Her experience spans more than 8 years in the education industry and her specific areas of expertise are tutoring, providing student support, conducting administrative work as well as ensuring compliance in the VET/ HE sector. With a passion for compliance, student satisfaction, astute accuracy and attentiveness, she wants to contribute to the smooth operation, continued growth and success of this higher education provider.

Melissa Mulraney – Secretary of the Human Research Ethics Committee

Tara Impala – Disability Support & Student Liaison Officer